What are eye injuries?
Eye injuries account for almost half of all ophthalmological emergencies and can affect any ocular structure (eyelids, cornea, crystalline lens, retina, optic nerve, eyeball, etc.), and require specialist handling in each case. They may vary in severity, from minor erosions or scratches on the surface of the eye to damage that could jeopardise the integrity of this organ and the eyesight.
In general, there are two main groups of eye injury:
- Mechanical injuries: either closed, such as bruises, or open wounds that might be due to a foreign body penetrating the eyeball and even perforating it or causing it to explode.
- Non-mechanical injuries: such as chemical burns (caused, for example, by cleaning products) or light or electrical trauma (produced by ultraviolet radiation, lasers, rays, etc.)