What is thyroid orbitopathy?
Thyroid orbitopathy is an eye disease of autoimmune origin, i.e. the body’s defences (antibodies) attack its own cells by mistakenly identifying them as invading agents. In this case, the antibodies are directed against the thyroid gland, making it more active than usual, which causes inflammation of the tissues of the eye orbit (eyelids, fat, extraocular muscles …) and the other soft tissues surrounding the eye.
We can differentiate between an active stage of the disease, in which the symptoms are more evident and severe due to the existence of a high inflammatory activity, and an inactive stage, in which the markers of thyroid orbitopathy may still be present, but not as virulently.