Eye surgery in children
What does an eye surgery in children involve?
Surgeries to solve childhood eye diseases are usually quite similar in technical terms to those we perform to treat the same vision problem in adults. However, eye surgery in children involves some essential differences, both in terms of how to proceed in the operating room and the time specialists must handle to solve the pathology and avoid future visual sequelae.
When assessing the advisability of performing eye surgery in children, we must bear in mind that vision develops during childhood (usually, up to the age of 6-8). Thus, a large part of congenital visual problems must be treated early so as not to affect the child’s visual development or foster the appearance of eye problems in the medium and long term.
Eye diseases that can be operated on in children
Many of the most common vision problems in childhood, such as refractive errors (link to refractive errors in children), “lazy eye” or some types of strabismus, do not require surgery and can be solved with the use of glasses or an occlusion patch (“lazy eye”), among other treatment options. However, there are paediatric eye diseases that do require surgery. Other reasons for an eye surgery in children can be trauma or childhood eye tumours, such as retinoblastoma.