What is congenital glaucoma?
Glaucoma is an ocular disease generally resulting from an increase in intraocular pressure due to alterations in the drainage system of the aqueous humour, a colourless fluid that nourishes the cornea and the crystalline lens. This fluid is constantly produced and, when it is not drained correctly from the eye, it accumulates in the eyeball and can cause irreversible damage to the optic nerve if not remedied in time.
Although glaucoma is a particularly common disease in people over the age of 60, congenital glaucoma occurs in newborn babies or childhood glaucoma in children under the age of 3. This condition affects 1 of every 10,000 newborns in developed countries and can be present in one or both eyes, although it is more often bilateral.