What does glaucoma surgery involve?
Glaucoma surgery encompasses different surgical techniques aimed at slowing down or stopping the evolution of this chronic eye disease. The aim of the surgery is to prevent the visual limitation from progressing and becoming more severe, as the damage that has already been done to the optic nerve is irreparable and the vision loss cannot be recovered. In order to slow down the evolution of the disease, the different types of glaucoma surgeries seek to reduce intraocular pressure levels.
Ocular hypertension is the main modifiable risk factor for this pathology and generally occurs because the liquid inside the eye (aqueous humour) does not drain properly, presses on the optic nerve and ends up damaging it. Some glaucoma patients do not have ocular hypertension, although, in these cases as well, lowering the pressure helps to protect the optic nerve from more rapid and severe deterioration.
Glaucoma surgery has evolved a lot recently and, although a few years ago it was reserved for advanced cases of the disease, it can now be performed at an earlier stage, thanks to less invasive procedures that reduce the risk of complications. This is a field of ophthalmic surgery in constant evolution, which requires a team trained in the application of the latest techniques and implants.
These are the main surgical solutions for glaucoma that we offer you at Miranza’s clinics, based on a customised assessment and indication: