What is Stargardt disease?
Stargardt disease is an ophthalmological disease similar to age-related macular degeneration (AMD), but that is not linked to ageing but to genetic factors. In fact, it is also know as juvenile macular degeneration, as it causes the progressive deterioration of the macula or central part of the retina. It is in this area where the photoreceptor cells responsible for detailed vision and the perception of colours known as cones) are mostly concentrated and that start to die as a result of the disease.
Included in the group of hereditary retinal dystrophies, it is the most frequent of those affecting the macula, although it remains a rare or minority disease (present in 1 in every 10,000 people).