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Botulinum toxin

This is the medication with most indications in the market.
It is used for both aesthetic and clinical purposes.
Its effect is temporary and lasts for around 4 - 6 months.

What is botulinum toxin?

Botulinum toxin is a drug obtained from the neurotoxin produced by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum, which in medicine is used in purified form and in small doses to eliminate its toxic potential and use its capacity to relax the muscles.

We perform the personalised treatment in the consulting room according to the needs of each patient, injecting the botulinum toxin using a very fine needle into the muscle to be treated. The results are temporary and depend on the area treated and the dose used, and treatment can be repeated once the appropriate time has elapsed.

Problems treated with botulinum toxin

Botulinum toxin is currently the medication with most aesthetic and clinical indications in the market.  In terms of oculofacial rejuvenation, the treatment is very sought-after to soften dynamic wrinkles, which are those that appear due to gestures and are particularly noticeable on the forehead, between the eyebrows, and “crow’s feet”. Softening them gives a rejuvenating effect without altering the shape of the face or changing the expression or characteristic features of each person.

In ophthalmology we also apply botulinum toxin for therapeutic purposes in certain cases of strabismus (injecting the extraocular muscles rotating the eye) or blepharospasm (avoiding the involuntary contracting of the orbicularis oculi muscle of the eyelids).

Botulinum toxin injections are practically painless, although we might apply an anaesthetic ointment to avoid any discomfort.

On leaving the consulting room, you can return immediately to your everyday life, bearing in mind certain minimum precautions such as not doing any sport or sunbathing for the first 24 hours. In two or three days, the medication will have settled in the tissue and its final results can be seen after 1 or 2 weeks and will last for between 4 and 6 months, depending on each case. From then on, the effects will progressively disappear until a new session is performed.

Insofar as the use of botulinum toxin in children with strabismus, we normally apply the treatment in surgery under general anaesthetic to prevent them from moving or becoming agitated. Even so, the procedure is performed in outpatients and requires no hospitalisation.

Botulinum toxin is a safe medication –having been used for several decades in medicine and cosmetics–, which causes no rejection or adverse reactions except in the case of allergies, which is very infrequent if the medication is used in the right dosage.

Like any treatment that is administered in injection form, it might cause some discomfort and redness in the area of the injection, slight bruising and, on rare occasions, infection at this point.

An expert technique when injecting botulinum toxin is essential to obtain the required effect and the correct degree of muscle relaxation, avoiding the loss of expression or excessive paralysis that some patients fear. Furthermore, good praxis also minimises the possibilities of complications such as ptosis or drooping eyelids. Therefore, this treatment is performed at Miranza clinics by qualified ophthalmologists with in-depth knowledge of the anatomy of the face and, above all, the delicate area around the eyes.